Since Roman times, gardeners have revered the rose above all other flowering plants for the remarkable beauty of its blooms. The rose family offers an enormous range of flower form, colour and fragrance, and few plants are as varied and flexible in their growth habit, height, foliage and form.
Possibly one of the most popular ways to grow roses is in a formal rose garden, that is dedicated to displaying the flowers in beds designed to reveal their classic style. Usually, standards and large-or cluster-flowered bushes are utilized as long term bedding plants, grouped in blocks of colour. The relatively upright and rigid growth of these bushes lends itself to the formality of bedding.
Rosebeds may be fashioned in any kind of shape or size; at the edges of drives or paths they may be narrow and ribbon-like, or elsewhere they may be circular, oblong, square or even triangular. Whenever planning a formal rose garden, experiment with different layouts and designs of beds on paper in order to determine the best design for the site. The beds should not be designed so wide that access to the roses for mulching, spraying, as well as pruning becomes tough. You might wish to consider showing off your rosebeds with a iron gazebo that can really showcase the classic character of the garden.
Standard roses may be utilized to give height to any bedding scheme. Putting a single standard in the middle of a round bed creates a graceful symmetry, while several standards positioned at distances approximately 1 m (5 ft) along the middle of a long bed can help to break up its uniformity.
When planting, bear in mind the variations in eventual height of different cultivars. For a bed within an open area, select cultivars of a relatively uniform height. Nevertheless, a rosebed which is backed by a hedge or wall is usually more appealing if the roses at the front are shorter than those behind them.
If combining cultivars in the same bed, plant no less than five or six plants of the same cultivar with each other in a regular formation to create substantial blocks of color; not all cultivars reach their peak of flowering at precisely the same time. A garden planted with variations on a color theme (for example, deep and pale yellow with a hint of white), creates a harmonious effect which is far more pleasing than a hectic crowd of color.
Designing, planning and developing a rose garden should be a wonderful experience and is something that you should take time over as it’s a long term investment for your home that will bring you enjoyment for years into the future. You don’t have to do every little thing at the same time, begin with a single bed and build out from there in the future as your rose garden begins to acquire its own taste and identity.